There are two types of haematuria :
1. Gross haematuria: If there is so much blood in your urine that it appears red or pink then you are suffering from gross haematuria.
2. Microscopic haematuria: When one is not able to see blood because it is in very less amount, it is known as microscopic haematuria. Only a lab test or use of microscope can detect this problem. Your kidneys make urine continuously. You make different amounts of urine depending on your solid and liquid intake. There are many causes of haematuria.
Causes of haematuria
1. Urethritis :
Inflammation of the tube draining urine out of your body. Urethritis is often caused by a sexually transmitted infection which can easily be cured by antibiotics.
2. Kidney stones :
Blood in urine is possible when a stone through your urinary tract is being passed as it rubs against the insides of your urethra. Kidney stones often lead to back pain and pain all around the tummy but some people only experience blood in urine which is determined by a dipstick test.
3. Strenuous exercise:
Blood in urine at the end of strenuous exercise could be caused by trauma to the bladder or dehydration as it breakdowns the red blood cells. Long distance runners are more susceptible.
4. Enlarged prostate:
Middle-aged men or older have enlarged prostate as a cause of haematuria. When prostate enlarges, it compresses the urethra. This causes problems and may prevent your bladder from emptying completely. Thus, it results in a urinary tract infection with blood in urine.
Symptoms of haematuria
Obviously, a person will first face the symptoms of haematuria. But there are very rare cases of symptoms of this problem. Never take symptoms lightly and rush for treatment ASAP! Some of the symptoms of haematuria are:
1. Trauma: Often there will be signs of traumatic injury to the outside body like bruises or swelling.
2. Glomerulonephritis: If it is not severe, it may not cause any symptoms. Symptoms if appear they would be swelling, reduced urination and high blood pressure.
3. Prostate infection: You will experience lower back pain or in the area between the anus and the scrotum, blood in your semen or even fevers and chills.
4. Tumour in kidney or bladder: Most bladder and kidney cancer grow without experiencing pain. Symptoms include more frequent urination process and pain at the end of urination.
We hope you have found this article useful and helpful. The next time you see blood in your urine, you will be careful and help yourself!