Autism in India: Autism is a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences. There are many types of autism caused by different combinations of genetic and environmental influences. Autism’s most-obvious signs tend to appear between 2 and 3 years of age. In some cases via preventive healthcare system, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. People with autism remain nonverbal and have an intellectual disability.
Symptoms of gastrointestinal
Some symptoms of autism include gastrointestinal disorders, seizures, sleep disturbances, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, anxiety and phobias. It is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others. Autistic people see, hear and feel the world differently to other people. If someone is autistic, they are autistic for life.
Autism can be cured!
Autism is not an illness or disease that cannot be cured. It is a spectrum condition where autistic people share certain difficulties, but being autistic will affect them in different ways. Some autistic people also have learning disabilities, mental health issues or other conditions. All people on the autism spectrum learn and develop with the right sort of support. Autism appears to affect more men than women. The world seems overwhelming to the autistic people. For an autistic person, understanding and relating to other people, and taking part in the everyday family, school, work and social life, can be harder. Autistic people may wonder why they are different and feel their social differences mean people don’t understand them. Autistic children do not look disabled but they are different from the other children.
A diagnosis is the formal identification of autism, usually by a diagnostic team including a speech and language therapist, pediatrician, psychiatrist, and psychologist. The diagnosis helps autistic people to understand why they may experience certain difficulties and what they can do about them and allows people to access services and support. Under preventive healthcare system, a person having autism is usually assessed as having persistent difficulties with social communication and social interaction, restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviors, activities or interests since early childhood.
Autistic people have difficulties with interpreting both verbal and non-verbal language like gestures or tone of voice. They may find it difficult to use or understand facial expressions, the tone of voice and jokes and sarcasm. Some may not speak or have fairly limited speech but they will often understand more of what other people say to them and use alternative means of communication, such as sign language or visual symbols. Under preventive healthcare system, a child with autism may have trouble changing from one activity to the next, flap hands, rock, spin or stare, get upset by certain sounds, like only a few foods, have limited and unusual interests, talk about only one topic or keep staring at one toy. All children with autism have social communication problems and many other language disorders. Children may be frustrated because of their communication problems. They may not be able to share their wants or needs and so they remain quiet.
There is no known cure for autism. In some cases, medications and dietary restrictions may help control symptoms. Early intervention and preschool programs are very important for the child. An appropriate treatment plan that meets the needs of the child and family can be established. Treatment may include a combination of traditional speech and language approaches, alternative communication, and behavioral interventions.
It is also important to have the child’s hearing evaluated first to work on it as well. It also develops joint attention, teach to play and get along with others, understand and use gestures to communicate and follow directions. If a child is having communication or speaking problem, then the child may be taught sign language. As we have read everything about autism, we should help all the autistic children rather than calling them disabled or making fun of them.
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