Sports injuries: Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletic activities or exercising.
Some common sports injuries under preventive healthcare system are:
1. Strains and sprains
Sprains are injuries to ligaments that connect the bones in a joint. Suddenly stretching ligaments past their limits tears them. Strains are injuries to muscle fibers or tendons, which joins muscles to bones. Overstretching or overusing a muscle causes tears in the muscle fibers or tendons. Ankle pain is very common for the sports person. It occurs when the foot turns inward. This turning stretches or tears the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. You need to exercise to prevent loss of flexibility and strength and re-injury.
2. Groin pull
Pushing off in a side-to-side motion causes strain of the inner thigh muscles or groin. Sports that causes groin pull are-Hockey, soccer, football, and baseball. Compression, ice, and rest will heal most groin injuries. Returning to activity too quickly can create a long-term problem.
3. Hamstring strain
Three muscles in the back of the thigh form the hamstring. Under preventive healthcare system, the hamstring can be over-stretched by movements such as hurdling, kicking the leg out sharply when running, falling forward while waterskiing etc. are causes of a hamstring strain. Hamstring injuries are slow to heal because of the constant stress applied to the injured tissue.
4. Shin splints
Pains down in the front of the lower legs are called shin splints. They are most often brought on by running especially when starting a more strenuous training program like long runs on paved roads. Rest, ice, and pain medicine are the products used for treatment. It is an actual stress fracture, a small break in the shin bone and you should consult a doctor if pain persists.
5. Knee injury: ACL tear
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) holds the leg bone to the knee. Sudden cuts or getting hit from the side can strain or tear the ACL. It is the most severe sports injury. A completely torn ACL will usually require surgery for those who wish to remain physically active.
6. Knee injury: Patellofemoral syndrome
It results from the repetitive movement of your kneecap against your thigh bone which can damage the tissue under the kneecap. Running, volleyball and basketball commonly cause this injury. One knee or both can be affected. It can take up to six weeks to clear up. Under preventive healthcare system it’s important to continue low-impact exercise during this time.
7. Tennis elbow
Repetitive use of the elbow during golf or tennis swings can irritate or make tiny tears in the elbow’s tendons. It is most common in 30- to 60-year-olds and usually involves the outside of the elbow. It can usually be cleared up by staying off the tennis court or golf course until the pain improves.
It’s important to know that swelling is normal in these injuries. Excessive swelling, though, can reduce the range of motion and interfere with healing.
You can limit swelling and start healing faster after common sports injuries by:
1. For more severe injuries, protect the injured area with a splint or pad.
2. Restricting activity will prevent worsening of the injury.
3. Apply ice immediately after a common sports injury. Ice is the miracle drug for sports injuries. It’s an anti-inflammatory, without any side effects. Don’t use heat because it encourages swelling and heat.
4. Compression with an elastic bandage will help reduce swelling.
5. Elevating the injured area above the heart will also reduce swelling.
Pain relievers usually relieve the pain of common sports injuries to a tolerable level but if they don’t you should see a doctor.
If there is any deformity in the joint or bone or it moves abnormally, you cannot bear weight, excessive swelling, change in skin color beyond mild bruising or if it is not getting better even after a few days or after therapy, you should visit the doctor immediately before it’s too late to get cured.
We truly hope you found this article informative. If you have any queries or suggestions then please reach out to us by dropping a message in the comment box below. Also to know more, you can always visit our website www.aanyawellness.com or book a preventive healthcare consultation session to get personalized and preventive healthcare solutions to your problems.